Springer Professional. Back to the search result list. Table of Contents. Hint Swipe to navigate through the chapters of this book Close hint. Abstract For decades, dating of Roman Terra Sigillata pottery was assessed by visual inspection. Since the ornaments and indentations on the ceramic surface are characteristic for the manufacturing workshop in the Roman Empire, archeologists have used chronological catalogues to assign the sherds to its time period. This paper should underpin the application of image-based nondestructive testing NDT methods as a powerful instrument for obtaining data, which allows to extract predominant features for later classification. At first, an overview ist given to a variety of non-invasive inspection technique with particular focus on digital photography and infrared IR thermography.
Names on Terra Sigillata, the product of 40 years of study, records over 5, names and some , stamps and signatures on Terra Sigillata samian ware manufactured in the 1st to the 3rd centuries AD in Gaul, the German provinces and Britain. The importance of samian as a tool for dating archaeological contexts and the vast increase in samian finds since then has prompted the authors to record the work of the potters in greater detail, illustrating, whenever possible, each individual stamp or signature which the potter used, and enumerating examples of each vessel type on which it appears, together with details of find-spots, repositories and museum accession numbers or excavators’ site codes.
Dating of the potters’ activity is supported, as far as possible, by a discussion of the evidence.
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In: Anatolia Antiqua , Tome 20, Anatolia Antiqua XX , p. In the Roman and Byzantine periods Paphlagonia was an area on the north-central Black Sea coast of Asia Minor, situated between Bithynia and Pontus, and bordered by Galatia by the eastern prolongation of the Bithynian Olympus. Culturally, it was a contact zone between Greeks in the Black Sea area and the indigenous population of the Central Anatolian plateau.
The region is the least well-known area with the regard to Hellenistic and Roman ceramics in comparison with other countries that are located on the Black Sea coasts, namely Bulgaria, Romania, Moldovia, Ukraine, Russia and Georgia. The few number of Roman pottery studies that have been conducted in the region are not sufficient to draw an accurate picture of the ceramicological heritage there1.
Some recent field work has provided results about the Hellenistic and Roman ceramic traditions in the region, such as studies at Sinope2, Tieion and Pompeiopolis3. By the researches elsewhere in the Black Sea we know that the southern Pontic. Paphlagonia and its eastern neighbour Pontus was the major production centre for Pontic sigillata in the Roman times Transport amphorae were produced in Paphlagonian coastal cities, such as Sinope, Heracleia, and Amastris between the 4th cent.
Amisus was also an influential centre for coroplastic production beginning at the latest in the Hellenistic period. Matthews of the British Institute of Archaeology at Ankara directed field surveys between and , producing some Hellenistic-Roman ceramic evidence. Hadrianopolis is located 3 km west of the modern town of Eskipazar, near Karabiik. Geographically it was on the principal western route from the Central Anatolian Plain through the mountains to Bartm and the Black Sea.
Samian Production in Raetia
From the moment I excavated and held my first little piece of Terra Sigillata, to the time we found a piece of it proudly displaying the fingerprint of its maker, I knew that I had to learn more. In certain areas of our Roman villa located between Umbria and Tuscany, dating to the 2nd century BC to the 3rd century AD, Terra Sigillata is a relatively common find. There are two classes of pottery in the Roman world, coarse wares and fine wares.
Terra Sigillata is a type of fine ware pottery commonly used as tableware in the Roman world. It would have been used for everyday eating and drinking. This standard fine tableware usually appears either orange, terracotta, or red.
Title: Quo vadis, terra sigillata: a case study of the organisation of samian the last century, this tableware has mainly been used as a tool of the dating of sites.
A second handle may have been present opposite the one shown. Measurements of the complete vessels are unknown. Note the complex incised decoration and the molded human face. Discoveries from the original settlement include parts of the waterfront, a stone warehouse with attached privy, the forge, a cobblestone street, and parts of the defensive works. Many of the fragments bear fine incised curvilinear geometric decorations formed by pairs of incised lines and picked out with a white slip.
At least four types of vessel forms can now be recognized. The fabric of all of the examples is fine and apparently untempered. The vessels are burnished on the exterior surfaces, and fired to a uniform bright orange color. No traces of color variation caused by the kiln environment are on any of the sherds. The most complete example fig.
Terra sigillata ware
Mini Review. Author Affiliations. Received: August 02, Published: August 12, DOI: Silesia is a region in Central Europe with beneficial conditions for the presence of clay, including those with potential therapeutic efficacies, due to its very diverse and mosaic geological landscape. Medicinal clay is formed by the accumulation of a mixture of minerals such as smectite, bentonite, montmorillonite, kaolinite, illite, and metahaloisite, with impurities of other minerals and fractions, resulting from the chemical weathering of rocks and the sedimentation of detritus.
Period: Mid Imperial. Date: mid-2nd century A.D.. Culture: Roman. Medium: Terracotta; East Gaulish terra sigillata ware. Dimensions: H. 1 13/16 in. ( cm).
Medicinal earths are an important and yet, so far, little scientifically explored archaeological resource. They are almost always identified by their source locality. Our work over the last few years has focused on their chemical and mineralogical characterization and their testing as anti-bacterials. This paper presents the results of the mineralogical analysis and antibacterial testing of six medicinal earths, bole or Terra Sigillata stamped earth of unknown date and provenance in the Pharmacy Museum of the University of Basel.
Only one of them, a red Armenian? A yellow powder of Terra Tripolitania was mildly antibacterial and against one pathogen only. We argue that medicinal earths are in a pivotal place to bridge the gap between currently dispersed pieces of information. This information relates to: a their nature, attributes, and applications as described in the texts of different periods, b the source of their clays and how best to locate them in the field today, and c the methods employed for their beneficiation, if known.
We propose that work should be focused primarily onto those medicinal earths whose clay sources can be re-discovered, sampled and assessed. From then on, a parallel investigation should be initiated involving both earths and their natural clays mineralogy at bulk and nano-sized levels, bio-geochemistry, microbiological testing.
Appendix 3: Terra Sigillata
View exact match. Display More Results. Made in several centers, it was exported through western Europe and the Mediterranean; it can be a very accurate chronological indicator. The best-known is the plain and relief-decorated pottery of 1st-3rd century AD from southern, central, and eastern Gaul called Samian ware and also in Italy and Germany.
Bright red ‘terra sigillata’ pots dating to the first three centuries CE can be found throughout the Western Roman provinces. The pots’ widespread distribution and.
Terra sigillata is a term with at least three distinct meanings: as a description of medieval medicinal earth; in archaeology, as a general term for some of the fine red Ancient Roman pottery with glossy surface slips made in specific areas of the Roman Empire; and more recently, as a description of a contemporary studio pottery technique supposedly inspired by ancient pottery. Usually roughly translated as ‘sealed earth’, the meaning of ‘terra sigillata’ is ‘clay bearing little images’ Latin sigilla , not ‘clay with a sealed impervious surface’.
The archaeological term is applied, however, to plain-surfaced pots as well as those decorated with figures in relief. Terra sigillata as an archaeological term refers chiefly to a specific type of plain and decorated tableware made in Italy and in Gaul France and the Rhineland during the Roman Empire. These vessels have glossy surface slips ranging from a soft lustre to a brilliant glaze-like shine, in a characteristic colour range from pale orange to bright red; they were produced in standard shapes and sizes and were manufactured on an industrial scale and widely exported.
The sigillata industries grew up in areas where there were existing traditions of pottery manufacture, and where the clay deposits proved suitable. The products of the Italian workshops are also known as Aretine ware from Arezzo and have been collected and admired since the Renaissance. The wares made in the Gaulish factories are often referred to by English-speaking archaeologists as samian ware.
Closely related pottery fabrics made in the North African and Eastern provinces of the Roman Empire are not usually referred to as terra sigillata, but by more specific names, e. African red slip wares. All these types of pottery are significant for archaeologists: they can often be closely dated, and their distribution casts light on aspects of the ancient Roman economy.
Modern “terra sig” should be clearly distinguished from the close reproductions of Roman wares made by some potters deliberately recreating and using the Roman methods. When applied to unfired clay surfaces, “terra sig” can be polished with a soft cloth or brush to achieve a shine ranging from a smooth silky lustre to a high gloss. The surface of ancient terra sigillata vessels did not require this burnishing or polishing.
File:Terra Sigillata Museum
An ancient Roman stucco mold for an oil lamp with an eight petal flower in the center and a herringbone pattern around the edge. Graffito on the exterior. Terracotta cup with barbotine decoration Period: Imperial Date: 2nd—early 3rd century A.
Unfortunately, however, the terra sigillata of the. North Pontic pottery items too early: for example, the so-called early “Samos” group, dating it — under the in.
Geological Science rare a reddish-brown clayey earth found on the Aegean island of Lemnos: formerly used as an astringent and in the making of earthenware pottery. Archaeology earthenware pottery made from this or a similar earth, esp Samian ware. Switch to new thesaurus. Mentioned in? References in periodicals archive? Here she learned the traditional Gbari method of hand-building which is the foundation of her practice along with the use of terra sigillata , the ancient technique of suspending clay in water to seal the form and burnishing it with stones and polishing tools.
Magdalene Odundo: The Journey of Things. The cellars of former manor house have been preserved until today.